Another large oil spill was reported near an ENI facility in Nigeria yesterday, the oil spillage has already killed precious mangrove swaps and wildlife
The company has said it cannot tell what was behind the latest incident but the Nigeria Government is now considering harsher fines for companies behind the disasters.
Local communities which depend heavily on fishing have been seriously affected by the devastation of the oil spillage. The theft from pipelines as well as loading accidents and decaying infrastructure is to blame.
99% of the oil spills are to do with smuggling and stealing. Between 25% and 40% of daily production is stolen in Nigeria and that cannot happen without political, police, military and even oil personnel involvement.
Therefore it is a tolerated situation by the government whose members are getting richer by the day whilst the poor guys who get burned when stealing some oil are so desperate that they do not care anymore.
However, oil companies have a lot to do with this devastation because they neglects their own company social responsibility and this is what happens when the likes of Shell, BP and Halliburton are allowed to exploit reserves in developing countries such as Nigeria.
The super-rich oil companies know they can buy anyone in the delta region and Nigeria itself. They do not have to honour any code of conduct especially when the government of Nigeria is claiming to be doing the peoples work when in reality, the citizen know their dirty work is paid for by the oil companies. The major factor is still the Nigerian Government and the way it distributes the oil wealth.
|In 2011, the Nigerian government said there had been more than 7,000 oil spills in the country between 1970 and 2000 that could take up to 30 years and $1billion to clean up.|
|The problem has become so bad that Nigeria's Government is considering tough new laws to fine companies that are found to be responsible for the disasters |
|Many communities, such as this one, are surrounded by rivers and are almost wholly dependent on them for survival, so are badly affected when oil spills occur|
|Estimates of Nigeria's oil reserves make it around the tenth most oil-rich nation on Earth and the most affluent in Africa|
Fishing boats were abandoned on Bodo waterways which were polluted by spilled crude oil allegedly caused by Shell equipment failure in Ogoniland in 2010
|While many spillages are the result of theft from the pipelines by a population which lives mostly in poverty, many of them are due to loading accidents and decrepit infrastructure|